Armenia

The Republic of Armenia is a sovereign, democratic, social, rule of law state. The state power is administered pursuant to the Constitution and the laws based on the principle of separation of the legislative, executive and judicial branches.

Official Name:                                                                                                                                                                                                          Republic of Armenia (Hayastani Hanrapetutyun)

Capital City:                                                                                                                                                                                               

Yerevan

State Symbols:

The Flag

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

The law “On the State Flag of the Republic of Armenia” was adopted on August 24, 1990, by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Armenia. The State Flag is a rectangular panel with three equal horizontal stripes of red, blue and orange (from top to bottom).

The Coat of Arms

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

The law “On the State Coat of Arms of the Republic of Armenia” was adopted on April 19, 1992, by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Armenia. It is a rendition of the Coat of Arms of the First Armenian Republic (1918-1920) designed by member of the Russian Academy of Fine Arts, Architect Alexander Tamanian and artist Hakob Kojoyan.

The Anthem

"Mer Hayrenik" ("Our Fatherland")                                                                                                                                                                
The Anthem of the Republic of Armenia was adopted on July 1, 1991, by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Armenia. It is based on the Anthem of the First Armenian Republic (1918-1920), but with different lyrics. The author of the lyrics is poet Mikael Nalbandian (1829-1866).

National Motto:                                                                                                                                                                                         

“One nation, one culture”.

Major cities:

 

population (as of 2009)

Gyumri

146 300

Vanadzor

104 800

Vagharshapat

57 500

Hrazdan

53 200

Abovyan

46 500

Kapan

45 500

Armavir

33 800

Gavar

25 700

Artashat

25 400

Charentsavan

25 000

Sevan

23 200

Goris

23 000

Masis

22 400

Ashtarak

21 600

Ararat

20 800

Ijevan

20 600

Official Language:  
Armenian is the official language of the Republic of Armenia.

Religion:                                                                                                                                                                                                   

Christian, Armenian Apostolic Church

Currency unit:  
The currency unit of the RA is dram (AMD), introduced in 1993.

Population: 
3 249 500 (2010)

Ethnic composition: 
Armenians - 96% 
Minorities: Russians, Yezidis, Assyrians, Greeks, Ukrainians, Jews, Kurds and others.

Natural Resources: 
Armenia is rich in copper, coal, iron, bauxite, molybdenum, gold, silver, lead and zinc. Substantial deposits of pumice, marble, tufa, perlite, limestone, basalt and salt exist. Precious and semi-precious stones are also abundant.

Territory: 
29.74 thousand square kilometers

Average Altitude Above Sea Level:  
1,800 meters

Highest Mountain Peak: 
Aragats (4090 meters)

Neighboring Countries:                                                                                                                                                                             

in the North: Georgia,
in the East: Azerbaijan,
in the South: Iran,
in the South-West: Nakhijevan (Azerbaijan),
in the West: Turkey.