1. Visiting the holy city of Vagharshapat
Echmiatsin is one of the most important cultural and religious centers of the country. Echmiatsin Cathedral is the mother church of the Armenian Apostolic Church, located in the city of Vagharshapat (Etchmiadzin), Armenia. According to scholars it was the first cathedral built in ancient Armenia, and is considered the oldest cathedral in the world. The original church was built in the early fourth century — between 301 and 303 according to tradition — by Armenia's patron saint Gregory the Illuminator, following the adoption of Christianity as a state religion by King Tiridates III.
Cathedral and Churches of Echmiatsin:
1. Echmiatsin Cathedral (UNESCO World Heritage);
2. St. Hripsime Church UNESCO World Heritage Site);
3. St. Gayane Church UNESCO World Heritage Site);
4. St. Shoghakat Church.
2. Visiting Zvartnots Temple
Zvartnots, located 3 km southeast from Vagharshapat, is an early medieval architectural monument. There is no historical information sources about the destruction of the temple (probably it was destroyed in an earthquake). It is known that Zvartnots Temple was standing in the X century. In 1989 Zvartnots Temple was included in the UNESCO list of World Cultural Heritage.
3. Visiting Sardarapat Memorial
Sardarapat Memorial is a symbol of pride and survival, the Sardarapat Memorial marks the place of Armenia's successful last-ditch effort to save the nation from obliteration at the hands of the Turks in the Battle of Sardarapat on May 22–26, 1918. Against tremendous odds, and during the haunting backdrop of genocide during the previous few years, Armenia's makeshift army rebuffed the Turkish troops and safeguarded the small portion of historic Armenia, what became the current republic as it stands today. On the grounds of the historic battle one can today visit the Sardarapat Ethnography and Liberation Movement History Museum adjacent to the outdoor monument