The Republic of Armenia is a sovereign, democratic, social, rule of law state. The state power is administered pursuant to the Constitution and the laws based on the principle of separation of the legislative, executive and judicial branches.
Republic of Armenia (Hayastani Hanrapetoutyun)
The law “On the State Flag of the Republic of Armenia” was adopted on August 24, 1990, by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Armenia.
The State Flag is a rectangular panel with three equal horizontal stripes of red, blue and orange (from top to bottom).
The Coat of Arms
The law “On the State Coat of Arms of the Republic of Armenia” was adopted on April 19, 1992, by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Armenia.
It is a rendition of the Coat of Arms of the First Armenian Republic (1918-1920) designed by member of the Russian Academy of Fine Arts, Architect Alexander Tamanian and artist Hakob Kojoyan.
"Mer Hayrenik" ("Our Fatherland")
The Anthem of the Republic of Armenia was adopted on July 1, 1991, by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Armenia. It is based on the Anthem of the First Armenian Republic (1918-1920), but with different lyrics. The author of the lyrics is poet Mikael Nalbandian (1829-1866).
"One nation, one culture".
Gyumri - 113 500
Vanadzor - 78 400
Vagharshapat - 46 200
Abovyan - 44 800
Kapan - 42 300
Hrazdan - 40 500
Armavir - 27 900
Charentsavan - 20 600
Masis - 20 500
Ararat - 20 400
Ijevan - 20 400
Goris - 20 300
Armenian is the official language of the Republic of Armenia.
Christian, Armenian Apostolic Church
The currency unit of the RA is dram (AMD), introduced in 1993.
2 965 300 (2019)
Armenians - 96%
Minorities: Russians, Yezidis, Assyrians, Greeks, Ukrainians, Jews, Kurds and others.
Armenia is rich in copper, coal, iron, bauxite, molybdenum, gold, silver, lead and zinc. Substantial deposits of pumice, marble, tufa, perlite, limestone, basalt and salt exist. Precious and semi-precious stones are also abundant.
29.74 thousand square kilometers
Average Altitude Above Sea Level:
Highest Mountain Peak:
Aragats (4090 meters)
in the North: Georgia;
in the East: Azerbaijan;
in the South: Iran;
in the South-West: Nakhijevan (Azerbaijan);
in the West: Turkey.